Operator proficiency check Bombardier CRJ
The pilot flying commercially on Bombardier CRJ shall complete recurrent training and checking with EASA Examiner relevant to the Bombardier CRJ type and variant (e.g. CRJ900) on which they operate as required by ORO.FC.230(a). Each flight crew member shall complete operator proficiency checks as part of the normal crew complement to demonstrate competence in carrying out normal, abnormal and emergency procedures related to the specific variant of Bombardier CRJ.
These procedures are subject to approval by the supervisory authority and described in the Operations manual. So the procedures applicable for the same variant of Bombardier CL65 may vary significantly from operator to operator. The differences may be in the overall philosophy, checklist concept or even in the order or logic of the operational procedures. For that reason, the operator proficiency check has to be operator-related. So the OPC from one operator can not be used for the OPC for another operator of the same variant of CRJ Series. Even pilots flying for the same operator on common CL65 typerating needs separate operator proficiecny check for flying Bombardier CRJ900 and Bombardier CRJ1000 at the same time.
Validity of OPC Bombardier CRJ Series
In accordance with ORO.FC.220(d)(1) the flight crew member shall complete the operator proficiency check and the emergency and safety equipment training and checking before commencing line flying under supervision (LIFUS) on Bombardier CL65. Thus the operator proficiency check shall be undertaken before commencing commercial air transport operations.
The validity period of the operator proficiency check is six calendar months in accordance with Ec 965/2012, Part ORO, ORO.FC.230(b)(3).
Scope of the Bombardier CL65 OPC
The scope of the operator proficiency check on Bombardier CL65 is described in v AMC1 ORO.FC.230(b)(1)(i). Scope of the OPC shall be described in the Operation Manual, Part D and approved by an National Aviation Authority. Operator proficiency checks should include the following manoeuvres as pilot flying:
- rejected take-off when an FSTD is available to represent that specific aeroplane, otherwise touch drills only;
- take-off with engine failure between V 1 and V 2 (take-off safety speed) or, if carried out in an aeroplane, at a safe speed above V2 ;
- 3D approach operation to minima with, one-engine-inoperative;
- 2D approach operation to minima;
- at least one of the 3D or 2D approach operations should be an RNP APCH or RNP AR APCH operation;
- Head-Up Display use (if applicable)
- approaches CATII and CATIII (if applicable)
- either seat qualification (if applicable)
- missed approach on instruments from minima with one-engine-inoperative;
- landing with one-engine-inoperative.
Simulator or a real CRJ?
The purpose of the operator proficiency check is to practice abnormal/emergency procedures that rarely arise in normal operations and should be part of a structured programme of recurrent checking. This should be carried out in an FSTD whenever possible.
Because of the unacceptable risk when simulating emergencies such as engine failure, icing problems, certain types of engine(s) (e.g. during continued take-off or go-around, total hydraulic failure), or because of environmental considerations associated with some emergencies - as required by AMC1 ORO.FC.230(b)(1)(i) these emergencies should preferably be covered in an FSTD representing the Bombardier CRJ variant. Since the simulator of all Bombardier CRJ is available, the simulator must be used for the operator proficiency check.
OPC can only be done by CRJ Examiner
In accordance with AMC1 ORO.FC.230(d)(5)(i) the operator proficiency check shall only be done by an EASA TRE CL65 or SFE CL65. TRE Bombardier CL65 and SFE CL65 shall be trained in CRM concepts and the assessment of CRM skills.