Line training

Following completion of flight training and checking as part of the operator’s conversion course, each flight crew member should operate a minimum number of sectors and/or flight hours under the supervision of a flight crew member nominated by the operator.

Line training under supervision (LIFUS), or simply line training shall be completed by each crew member after a successful operator conversion training and checking (OPC) as part of operator conversion course. To provide line training, the instructor must hold a type rating instructor - TRI for a specific aircraft type. In addition, the type instructor must hold either TRI unrestricted or TRI-restricted with LIFUS privileges.

Line training provides the pilot with hands-on experience during the line flight operations. During Line Training, the  crew member should exercise, under the supervision of a senior instructor all duties from their pilot's seat for which they were qualified during the simulator training. The aim of line training is training in normal operating procedures during a commercial flight.

Type Instructor and ProfiPilot Academy  providing line training and line check for:

  • all variants of Cessna 525 Citation, - CJ1, CJ1+, CJ2, CJ2+, CJ3, CJ4 and CJM2
  • selected variants of Bombardier CL65, - CRJ100/200CRJ700/900

For Cessna 525 Citation and Bombardier CL65 aircraft, ProfiPilot provides comprehensive entry-into-service support.

LIFUS regulatory background

Line training is required by Ec 965/2012, Part ORO, ORO.FC.220(e). AMC1 ORO.FC.220(e) and GM1 ORO.FC.220(d) specifying further line training and the conditions under which the line training is provided.

Line training - scope

Amount of the line training flight sectors and flight hours required to undertake the line training is described in the Operations manualPart D. Speficic requirements for the line training are described in the OSD Cessna 525 in case of single pilot operations and when transitioning to the different Cessna 525 variants. Supervised enroute experience is also described in the OSD CRJ when transitioning between different variants of Bombardier CL65.

Operations manual considers following circumstances:

  • previoous experience of the pilot
  • complexity of the operation
  • type of the operation and area of the operation

Minimum amount of line trainingu sectors for pilots operating Boeing 737Bombardier CL65 and Cessna 525:

  • co-pilot (first OCC): 100 flight hours or 40 sectors
  • co-pilot command upgrade: 20 route sectors, when transition into the new type for which the typerating is required (e.g. flying as copilot on Bombardier CRJ and transition as a Captain to Boeing 737), or 10 route sectors for the current type rating.

Line check

Each flight crew member shall complete a line check on the aircraft to demonstrate competence in carrying out normal line operations described in the operations manual. The validity period of the line check is 12 calendar months. Notwithstanding ORO.FC.145(a)(2), line checks may be conducted by a suitably qualified commander nominated by the operator, trained in CRM concepts and the assessment of CRM skills.